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God, Muhammad and the unbelievers a Qur’anic study (David MARSHALL)

God, Muhammad and the unbelievers a Qur'anic study (David MARSHALL)

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David Marshall est Professeur d’études islamiques au Collège de théologie de Saint Paul (St Paul’s United Theological College à Limuru au Kenya). Sa thèse de doctorat fut consacrée à la période prophétique. Il étudia la théologie à l’Université d’Oxford. Il est titulaire d’un doctorat en islamologie à l’Université de Birmingham. Il enseigna dans différentes institutions dont la Fédération de théologie de Cambridge (Cambridge Theological Federation).


This study of the Qur’an arises from an interest in a pressing contemporary issue, the relationship between Muslims and non-Muslims (’the Ummah and the Other’). This text explores how the Qur’an comments on this relationship as it changed in the course of Muhammad’s ministry. Particular attention is paid to the portrayal in the Meccan ’punishment-narratives’ of a fascinating and complex triangular relationship between God, the powerless and persecuted believing community with Muhammad at its centre, and the unbelieving Meccans who rejected Muhammad’s preaching.nbsp; The text raising questions aboutnbsp;the possible contemporary relevance of this analysis, focusing firstly on discussions about the appropriate models for Islamic society today, and secondly on dialogue between Christians and Muslims. This book presents a detailed and illuminating analysis of many important Qur’anic themes and passages, and offers a coherent and original account of significant developments within the thought of the Qur’an as a whole. (Source Routledge)

Table des matières

Translation and Transliteration

  • Introduction
  • General Objections to this Study
  • The Study of the Qur an by Non-Muslims
  • Orientalism
  • Recent Critical Theory and the Study of the Qur’an
  • Specific Questions on this Study’s Approach to the Qur’an
  • The Qur’an as the Principal Source for this Study
  • Studying the Qur’an without Reference to the Hadith
  • Atomistic and Thematic Approaches to the Qur’an
  • The Chronology of the Qur’an
  • A Question of Terminology: Believers and Unbelievers
  • The Punishment-Narratives: Preliminary
  • Considerations
  • Previous Studies
  • Narrative Criticism
  • A Note on the Analysis of the Punishment-Narratives
  • The Punishment-Narratives: the Meccan Period
  • The Early Meccan Period
  • The Middle and Late Meccan Periods
  • The Threat of a Temporal Punishment
  • God as the Sole Agent of Punishment of the Unbelievers
  • The Expansion of the Role of the
  • Messenger in the Middle and Late Meccan Periods
  • Indications in the Middle and Late Meccan
  • Periods of the Complexity of the
  • Messenger’s Situation
  • Excursus: The Qur’anic Understanding of God’s Attitude to the Unbeliever
  • Medinan Developments
  • A Threat Fulfilled but Transformed
  • Between the Hijrah and Badr
  • Badr
  • After Badr
  • The Believers as Instruments of the Divine Punishment
  • A Narrative Discontinuity
  • The Godward Movement of the Messenger and the Believers
  • God and his Messenger
  • God and the Believers
  • Concluding Comments

Appendix: The Qur’an and the Sirah
Afterword 1: Mecca and Medina: The Two
Paradigms in Contemporary Islamic Thought
Afterword 2: Some Comparativist Biblical-Qur’anic Reflections Arising from
this Study
Bibliography Index of Qur’anic Passages
Index of Biblical Passages
General Index

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