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The Limits of Discursive Interpretation A Translation of Kitāb iʿjāz al-bayān fī tafsīr Umm al-Kitāb by Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī

Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī (Anthony F. Shaker, ed., Trans)

The Limits of Discursive Interpretation A Translation of Kitāb iʿjāz (...)

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Shaker (Anthony F.), The Limits of Discursive Interpretation. A Translation of Kitāb iʿjāz al-bayān fī tafsīr Umm al-Kitāb by Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī, Equinox Publishing, 2024, 460. ISBN 9781800504165

Editeur, traducteur

Anthony F. Shaker holds a PhD from McGill University. He is the author of Modernity, Civilization and the Return to History (Vernon Press, 2017), Reintroducing Philosophy : Thinking as the Gathering of Civilization (Vernon Press, 2020) and Thinking in the Language of Reality (Xlibris, 2012, rev. 2015).

Présentation

Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī (d. 1274) is arguably the most important thinker of the generation following the main founders of medieval philosophy—al-Fārābī, Ibn Sīnā, Ibn ʿArabī and Suhravardī—and before Mullā Ṣadrā. Yet, almost nothing of his writings has been translated into English. In this influential work he independently explores speech (divine and human) as the unfolding relationality of knowing and being.

This is the first annotated translation of his magnum opus The Limits of Discursive Interpretation. The Translator’s introduction and notes shed a detailed light on the linguistic sources of Qūnawī’s lexicon. The Introduction also summarizes the key ideas of the book and explains their significance to philosophy.

In Part One Qūnawī begins by arguing that the failure of theoretical proofs to establish the reality of a thing does not itself disprove that reality. He elucidates the canons of thinking in relation to ‘tasting’ (experience) and the question of the ‘realities of things’ where knowing and being unfold dynamically from their ‘root’ in divine hiddenness and manifestation. He goes on to detail the concepts and the rules of relational subordination that govern these realities according to rootedness and mutual distinctions. Many of these tools are derived from linguistics, which the translator brings to bear on Qūnawī ‘s work for the first time. They enable him to transform the narrow sense in which Ibn Sīnā declared man incapable of grasping the realities of things. In the end, according to Qūnawī, without a proper understanding of rootedness as the source of the realities’ mutual distinctions, thinking remains relational, unequal to the thinking subject’s goal of self-realization and incapable of fully rendering the real (not to be confused with empirical facticity) without folding back on itself.

In Part Two he details the semiology by which, not only the contents of the Qur’ān but, primarily the ontological dimensions of God’s speech are disclosed as the veiling and unveiling, exteriorization and interiorization of being.

Content

Preliminaries
Preface
Anthony F. Shaker
Translator’s Introduction [+]
Anthony F. Shaker

The Limits of Discursive Interpretation : Introduction
Prologue [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
The Promised Introduction [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
1. Instalment [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
2. Instalment from This Root [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
3. Instalment from This Root [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
4. Instalment [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
5. Instalment from This Root [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
6. Instalment from This Root [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
7. A Universal Fundament I
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
8. A Universal Fundament II [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
The Limits of Discursive Interpretation : Exegesis
9. Elaboration of What His Word Summates : Bism ʾAlllāh al-Raḥmān al-Raḥīm [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
10. Door [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
11. Instalment from This Root
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
12. Instalment from This Root
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
13. Instalment from This Root
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
14. Completion [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
15. Section [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
16. Voice of the Junction of This Subdivision and Its Closure
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
17. Instalment on the Exterior, the Interior, the Limit and the Locus of Dawning [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
18. Instalment : On the Lead-bearing of the Intellects, the Selves and Man [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
19. Instalment : On the Voice of Junction and the Locus of Dawning, wherewith we Close the Discussion on this Second Subdivision, with God’s Aid and Volition
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
20. Instalment from This Root
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
21. Opening of the Third Subdivision of the Principal of the Book
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
22. Instalment from This Root
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
23. Section Concerning the Instalment [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
24. Instalment [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
25. Instalment [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
26. Instalment from [the Preceding]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
27. Instalment [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
28. Section : On the explanation of the secret of prophethood, the forms of its right counsel, the endpoint of its ways, and its fruits [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
29. Conclusion and Comprehensive Guidance
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
30. Section : On the promised ‘guidance
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
31. In Completion : Of the discussion on this sign-verse according to requirement of the 30 antecedent promise His Most High pronouncement, ‘the pathway of those whom You benefact, not the chastised or those who stray’ (Q. 1.7) [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
32. Instalment in the Voice of Limit and Dawning [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
33. Instalment [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
34. Instalment : On His pronouncement ‘Or Those Who Stray’ [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
35. Instalment : In explanation of the secret of final perplexity, its echelons and reasons
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
36. Another Instalment : In explanation of the strongest of reasons for the last perplexity that 15 belongs to the most eminent and its secrets in the voice of what lies beyond the dawning
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
37. An Instalment Higher and More August That Uncovers More of the Secrets, Branch and Root
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
38. Descent to the Intelligences, a Familiarisation and an Elucidation of an Equivocation with a Precious Similitude
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
39. Section : Closures of universal openings, junctions of ordinances, and the divine Qurʾānic and separative secrets [+]
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
40. Instalment from [the Preceding] in the Voice of Junction of the Junction
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
41. Instalment : Including a modicum of the canonical, radicate and Qurʾānic secrets
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
42. Instalment : On the junctions of consonant ordinances, being the conclusion of the book
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
43. Instalment
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī
44. The Closing Extolment
Ṣadr al-Dīn Qūnawī


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