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Literacy and Identity in Pre-Islamic Arabia (M. C. A. MACDONALD)

Literacy and Identity in Pre-Islamic Arabia (M. C. A. MACDONALD)

Home > Methods/Debates > Epigraphy > Literacy and Identity in Pre-Islamic Arabia (M. C. A. MACDONALD)


Depuis plus de 30 ans, je travaille sur l’histoire des langues et systèmes d’écriture des différentes populations de la Syrie et de l’Arabie entre environ 1000 avant JC et le début de la période islamique (VIIe / VIIIe siècles). Je suis venu à ce domaine à travers l’étude des langues sémitiques anciennes (...) et d’Arabie du Nord (Safaitic, Hismaic, Taymanitic, Dadanitic [ou Lihyanite], Thamudic et Hasaitic), pré-islamique et arabe. J’ai conduit un certain nombre de missions en Jordanie et en Syrie du Nord (...) et j’ai enregistré de nombreuses inscriptions et de nombreux dessins de roche qui les accompagnent. (traduction de Mehdi AZAIEZ) (Lire la suite...)


L’ouvrage réunit 9 études publiées entre 1991 à 2005, avec addenda et corrigenda

In these studies Michael Macdonald examines the extraordinary flowering of literacy in both the settled and nomadic populations of western Arabia in the 1500 years before the birth of Islam, when a larger proportion of the population could read and write than in any other part of the ancient Near East, and possibly any other part of the ancient world. Even among the nomads there seems to have been almost universal literacy in some regions. The scores of thousands of inscriptions and graffiti they left paint a vivid picture of the way-of-life, social systems, and personal emotions of their authors, information which is not available for any other non-élite population in the ancient Near East outside Egypt.

This abundance of inscriptions has enabled Michael Macdonald to explore in detail some of the - often surprising - ways in which reading and writing were used in the literate and non-literate communities of ancient Arabia. He describes the many different languages and the distinct family of alphabets used in ancient Arabia, and discusses the connections between the use of particular languages or scripts and expressions of personal and communal identity. The problem of how ancient perceptions of ethnicity in this region can be identified in the sources is another theme of these papers; more specifically, they deal from several different perspectives with the question of what ancient writers meant when they applied the term ’Arab’ to a wide variety of peoples throughout the ancient Near East.

Table des matières

Preface; Part 1 Literacy, Language and Scripts: Literacy in an oral environment; Nomads and the Hawran in the late Hellenistic and Roman periods: a reassessment of the epigraphic evidence; Reflections on the linguistic map of pre-Islamic Arabia. Part 2 Ancient Ethnicity: Some reflections on epigraphy and ethnicity in the Roman Near East; Arabians, Arabias, and the Greeks: contact and perceptions; ’Les Arabes en Syrie’ or ’La pénétration des Arabes en Syrie’: a question of perceptions?; Part 3 Aspects of the History of Ancient Arabia: Was the Nabataean kingdom a ’bedouin state’?; On Saracens, the Rawwafah inscription and the Roman army; Trade routes and trade goods at the northern end of the ’incense road’ in the 1st millennium BC. Addenda and corrigenda; Index.